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No Comments Chapter 34 APPENDIX T: Developer Contributions towards the Future Maintenance Costs of Outdoor Play Space, Amenity Areas and other Open Spaces

In order to calculate the developer's contribution towards the future maintenance of public open space in the form of a commuted sum under the requirements of a section 106 agreement or other arrangement, the following factors are considered.

The commuted sum is to cover the cost of maintenance over a period of 30 years. As the sum is paid in total in advance, the sum is subjected to a formula using a cumulative present value factor. This formula in effect makes the 30 year maintenance cost equate to 21.79260 times the current annual maintenance cost.

Using this multiplying factor, it is possible to calculate the level of commuted sum that a developer will be required to pay for each type open space. These levels are reproduced below. The commuted sums are shown per hectare (ha).

All of the costs are based on the typical layout of the open space and use 2015 HDC contract prices.

Type of open space

Provision Type

Parks and

Natural

Outdoor

Amenity

Children

Allotments

cemeteries

Gardens

and semi

sports

greenspace

and

and burial

natural

facilites

young people

grounds

greenspace

Annual Cost

£26,365.00

£11,932.00

£6,473.00

£10,307.00

£139,991.00

£2,763.00

£27,638.00

Total Cost per ha

£574,757.00

£260,117.60

£141,111.40

£224,692.60

£3,051,803.80

£60,233.40

£602,508.40

Note: Children and young people total is £3,051,803.00 per hectare, but a children's play area is only 400m2 minimum for a LEAP. Therefore the total commuted maintenance cost for a minimum sized LEAP would be £76,295.00.

Parks and Gardens

Operation Description Rate Rate Frequency Amount per ha Unit Cost/ha

Yr 1-2

Maintain grass

box mowing

£0.0648

£0.0717

30

1500

m2

£3,225.10

cylinder mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

4000

m2

£1,546.19

Maintain formal planted areas

summer

£0.2600

£0.2876

30

1000

m2

£8,626.80

winter

£0.6600

£0.7300

4

1000

m2

£2,919.84

Replacement shrubs @10%

£20.0000

£22.1200

1

100

m2

£2,212.00

Maintain informal shrub beds

maintain informal areas

£0.0648

£0.0717

15

2000

m2

£2,150.06

Replacement shrubs @10%

£5.0000

£5.5300

1

200

m2

£1,106.00

Maintain trees

Replacement trees

£75.0000

£82.9500

1

6

ea

£497.70

Plant trees with u/ground anchor

£51.5000

£56.9590

1

6

ea

£341.75

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

1500

m2

£144.93

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

156

10000

m2

£2,898.60

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

156

6

no

£942.05

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

2

1500

m2

£33.18

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

yr 1 and 2 total

£26,647.52

Yr 3 onwards

Hedge maintenance

cut ornamental hedges

£0.3300

£0.3650

3

1382

m2

£1,513.21

Grass Maintenance

box mowing

£0.0648

£0.0717

30

1500

m2

£3,225.10

cylinder mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

4000

m2

£1,546.19

Maintain formal planted areas

summer

£0.2600

£0.2876

30

1000

m2

£8,626.80

winter

£0.6600

£0.7300

4

1000

m2

£2,919.84

Maintain informal shrub beds

maintain informal areas

£0.0648

£0.0717

15

2000

m2

£2,150.06

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

1500

m2

£144.93

repair paths @2%

£35.0000

£38.7100

1

30

m2

£1,161.30

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

156

10000

m2

£2,898.60

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

156

6

no

£942.05

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

2

1500

m2

£33.18

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

Maintain seats

paint seats every 5yrs

£25.6700

£28.3910

0.2

6

no

£34.07

replace/install seat every other yr

£550.0000

£608.3000

0.5

1

no

£304.15

yr 3 total

£25,502.79

Ave cost per annum

£26,265.95

Commuted sum per Ha accounting for multiplier (21.8)

£572,597.62

Amenity Greenspace

Operation Description Rate Rate Frequency Amount per ha Unit Cost/ha

Yr 1-2

Maintain grass

Amenity mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

5000

m2

£1,932.74

Maintain informal shrub beds

maintain informal areas

£0.0648

£0.0717

15

2000

m2

£2,150.06

Replacement shrubs @10%

£5.0000

£5.5300

1

200

m2

£1,106.00

Maintain trees

Replacement trees

£75.0000

£82.9500

1

6

ea

£497.70

Plant trees with u/ground anchor

£51.5000

£56.9590

1

6

ea

£341.75

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

500

m2

£48.31

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

156

10000

m2

£2,898.60

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

156

6

no

£942.05

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

2

1500

m2

£33.18

spray obstacles

£0.0250

£0.0277

2

6

no

£0.33

yr 1 and 2 total

£9,950.73

Yr 3 onwards

Hedge maintenance

cut hedges

£0.3300

£0.3650

3

1382

m2

£1,513.21

Grass Maintenance

cylinder mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

5000

m2

£1,932.74

Maintain informal shrub beds

maintain informal areas

£0.0648

£0.0717

15

2000

m2

£2,150.06

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

500

m2

£48.31

repair paths @2%

£35.0000

£38.7100

1

30

m2

£1,161.30

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

156

10000

m2

£2,898.60

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

156

6

no

£942.05

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

2

1500

m2

£33.18

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

Maintain seats

paint seats every 5yrs

£25.6700

£28.3910

0.2

6

no

£34.07

replace/install seat every other yr

£550.0000

£608.3000

0.5

1

no

£304.15

yr 3 total

£11,020.98

Ave cost per annum

£10,307.48

Commuted sum per Ha accounting for multiplier (21.8)

£224,703.04

Natural and semi natural greenspace

Operation Description Rate Rate Frequency Amount per ha Unit Cost/ha

Yr 1-2

Maintain grass

Amenity mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

4000

m2

£1,546.19

rough cut mowing

£0.0368

£0.0407

5

2000

m2

£407.01

Maintain informal shrub beds

maintain informal areas

£0.0648

£0.0717

15

4000

m2

£4,300.13

Replacement shrubs @10%

£5.0000

£5.5300

1

400

m2

£2,212.00

Maintain trees

Replacement trees

£75.0000

£82.9500

1

15

ea

£1,244.25

Plant trees with u/ground anchor

£51.5000

£56.9590

1

15

ea

£854.39

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

200

m2

£19.32

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

104

4

no

£418.69

Spray pesticides

spray tree bases

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

60

m2

£33.18

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

yr 1 and 2 total

£12,970.87

Yr 3 onwards

Hedge maintenance

cut informal hedges

£0.3300

£0.3650

2

1000

m2

£729.96

Grass Maintenance

Amenity mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

4000

m2

£1,546.19

Rough cut mowing

£0.0368

£0.0407

5

2000

m2

£407.01

Maintain informal shrub beds

maintain informal areas

£0.0648

£0.0717

15

4000

m2

£4,300.13

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

200

m2

£19.32

repair paths @2%

£35.0000

£38.7100

1

4

m2

£154.84

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

104

4

no

£418.69

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

2

200

m2

£4.42

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

Maintain seats

paint seats every 5yrs

£25.6700

£28.3910

0.2

6

no

£34.07

replace/install seat every other yr

£550.0000

£608.3000

0.5

1

no

£304.15

yr 3 total

£9,854.50

Ave cost per annum

£11,932.08

Commuted sum per Ha accounting for multiplier (21.8)

£260,119.37

Outdoor Sports Provision

Operation Description Rate Rate Frequency Amount per ha Unit Cost/ha

Yr 1-2

Maintain grass

Amenity mowing

£0.0100

£0.0111

30

8000

m2

£2,654.40

rough cut mowing

£0.0368

£0.0407

5

500

m2

£101.75

Maintain Hedges

maintain young hedge

£0.7400

£0.8184

2

800

m2

£1,309.50

Maintain trees

Replacement trees

£75.0000

£82.9500

1

2

ea

£165.90

Plant trees with u/ground anchor

£51.5000

£56.9590

1

2

ea

£113.92

Maintain paths/car park

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

1500

m2

£144.93

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

104

4

no

£418.69

Spray pesticides

spray tree bases

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

100

no

£55.30

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

yr 1 and 2 total

£6,900.11

Yr 3 onwards

Grass Maintenance

Amenity mowing

£0.0100

£0.0111

15

8000

m2

£1,327.20

Rough cut mowing

£0.0368

£0.0407

5

500

m2

£101.75

Hedge maintenance

cut informal hedges

£0.7290

£0.8063

2

800

m2

£1,290.04

Maintain paths/car park

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

200

m2

£19.32

repair paths @2%

£35.0000

£38.7100

1

4

m2

£154.84

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

104

4

no

£418.69

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

2

1500

m2

£33.18

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

Maintain seats

paint seats every 5yrs

£25.6700

£28.3910

0.2

6

no

£34.07

replace/install seat every other yr

£550.0000

£608.3000

0.5

1

no

£304.15

yr 3 total

£5,618.96

Ave cost per annum

£6,473.06

Commuted sum per Ha accounting for multiplier (21.8)

£141,112.76

Children and Young People

Operation Description Rate Rate Frequency Amount per ha Unit Cost/ha

Yr 1-2

Maintain grass

Amenity mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

4000

m2

£1,546.19

Maintain trees

Replacement trees

£75.0000

£82.9500

1

10

ea

£829.50

Plant trees with u/ground anchor

£51.5000

£56.9590

1

10

ea

£569.59

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

500

m2

£48.31

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

104

8

no

£837.37

Empty dog bins

£1.9500

£2.1567

104

8

no

£1,794.37

Spray pesticides

spray tree bases

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

10

no

£5.53

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

Maintain loose fill areas

rake loosefill

£0.1144

£0.1265

260

4000

m2

£131,587.46

Play ground inspection

weekly

£19.5700

£21.6444

52

1

no

£1,125.51

Play ground inspection

service

£148.0000

£163.6880

4

1

no

£654.75

£0.0000

yr 1 and 2 total

£140,934.31

Yr 3 onwards

Grass Maintenance

Amenity mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

4000

m2

£1,546.19

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

500

m2

£48.31

repair paths @2%

£35.0000

£38.7100

1

10

m2

£387.10

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

104

4

no

£418.69

Empty dog bins

£1.9500

£2.1567

104

8

no

£1,794.37

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces inc wetpour

£0.0100

£0.0111

2

2000

m2

£44.24

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

16

no

£8.85

Maintain loose fill areas

rake loosefill

£0.1144

£0.1265

260

4000

m2

£131,587.46

Maintain seats

paint seats every 5yrs

£25.6700

£28.3910

0.2

6

no

£34.07

replace/install seat every other yr

£550.0000

£608.3000

0.5

1

no

£304.15

Play ground inspection

weekly

£19.5700

£21.6444

52

1

no

£1,125.51

Play ground inspection

service

£148.0000

£163.6880

4

1

no

£654.75

yr 3 total

£138,105.83

Ave cost per annum

£139,991.48

Commuted sum per Ha accounting for multiplier (21.8)

£3,051,814.25

Allotments

Operation Description Rate Rate Frequency Amount per ha Unit Cost/ha

Yr 1-2

Maintain grass

Amenity mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

500

m2

£193.27

Maintain paths/car park

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

500

m2

£48.31

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Spray pesticides

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

6

no

£3.32

Turn on/offwater

£3.0000

£3.3180

2

1

no

£6.64

yr 1 and 2 total

£2,183.94

Yr 3 onwards

Grass Maintenance

Amenity mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

15

4000

m2

£1,546.19

Maintain paths/car park

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

500

m2

£48.31

repair paths @2%

£35.0000

£38.7100

1

10

m2

£387.10

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

104

10000

m2

£1,932.40

Spray pesticides

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

2

16

no

£8.85

Spray vacant plots

£0.0265

£0.0293

2

600

m2

£35.17

Turn on/offwater

£3.0000

£3.3180

2

1

no

£6.64

yr 3 total

£3,922.85

Ave cost per annum

£2,763.58

Commuted sum per Ha accounting for multiplier (21.8)

£60,245.98

Cemeteries and Burial Grounds

Operation Description Rate Rate Frequency Amount per ha Unit Cost/ha

Yr 1-2

Maintain grass

box mowing

£0.0648

£0.0717

30

7000

m2

£15,050.45

cylinder mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

12

2000

m2

£618.48

Maintain formal planted areas

summer

£0.2600

£0.2876

30

600

m2

£5,176.08

winter

£0.6600

£0.7300

4

600

m2

£1,751.90

Replacement shrubs @10%

£20.0000

£22.1200

1

50

m2

£1,106.00

Maintain trees

Replacement trees

£75.0000

£82.9500

1

6

ea

£497.70

Plant trees with u/ground anchor

£51.5000

£56.9590

1

6

ea

£341.75

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

400

m2

£38.65

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

156

10000

m2

£2,898.60

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

52

6

no

£314.02

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

1

400

m2

£4.42

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

1

6

no

£1.66

yr 1 and 2 total

£27,799.71

Yr 3 onwards

Hedge maintenance

cut ornamental hedges

£0.3300

£0.3650

1

1382

m2

£504.40

Grass Maintenance

box mowing

£0.0648

£0.0717

30

7000

m2

£15,050.45

cylinder mowing

£0.0233

£0.0258

12

2000

m2

£618.48

Maintain formal planted areas

summer

£0.2600

£0.2876

30

600

m2

£5,176.08

winter

£0.6600

£0.7300

4

600

m2

£1,751.90

Maintain paths

sweep hard surfaces

£0.0017

£0.0019

52

400

m2

£38.65

repair paths @2%

£35.0000

£38.7100

2

8

m2

£619.36

Litter collection

litter pick site

£0.0017

£0.0019

156

10000

m2

£2,898.60

Empty bins

£0.9100

£1.0065

52

6

no

£314.02

Spray pesticides

spray hard surfaces

£0.0100

£0.0111

1

400

m2

£4.42

spray obstacles

£0.2500

£0.2765

1

6

no

£1.66

Maintain seats

paint seats every 5yrs

£25.6700

£28.3910

0.2

6

no

£34.07

replace/install seat every other yr

£550.0000

£608.3000

0.5

1

no

£304.15

yr 3 total

£27,316.24

Ave cost per annum

£27,638.56

Commuted sum per Ha accounting for multiplier (21.8)

£602,520.50

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