Strategic planning consultations

You can view all available strategic planning consultations. To make a comment on a current consultation you must sign in to your account.

Open Spaces Strategy

Having trouble using the system? Visit our help page or contact us directly.

Previous Chapter || Next Chapter

View Comments (1) Chapter 31 How will the policy operate?

31.1. It is the intention of the Council that developers will be provided with timely advice on the open space requirements that their proposals entail. This work will be undertaken by staff from planning policy. The operation of the policy is broken into two stages:

No Comments 31.2. STAGE ONE: DOES THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CREATE A NEED FOR NEW OPEN SPACE?

31.3. For each of the seven types of open space, the Council will firstly assess whether a new area of open space needs to be provided as a result of the proposed housing development. This will be done by following stages below, for each type of open space:

No Comments 31.3.1. Estimate the number of residents living in the proposed development.

This will be calculated by reference to the following assumed rates for different sizes of dwellings:

No of bedrooms

1

2

3

4

5+

Assumed no of residents

1.5

2

2.3

3

4

It is considered that for most applications an indication will be given about the number and type of houses within the development. If an application is received in 'outline' and the number and type of dwellings are unknown, then the open space requirement can be estimated based on the application of a minimum density of 35 dwellings per hectare gross housing development and an average household size of 2.3 (average for District).

This is intended to provide an initial guide to the likely open space requirement. The initial figure will in all circumstances be updated by a detailed calculation based on the number of bedrooms, once a detailed application is submitted.

No Comments 31.3.2. Calculate the existing amount of open space within the following distance thresholds of the new housing development.

The thresholds used are those in the Open Spaces Strategy, and have been identified in the accessibility section above:

  • Parks and Gardens: 4km

  • Natural and Semi Natural Greenspaces (includes Urban Woodlands): 1.6 kms

  • Green Corridors or Greenways: 1.6km

  • Outdoor Sports Facilities: 4 kms

  • Amenity Greenspace (includes Green Corridors): 800m

  • Provision for Children and Young People: 400 - 800m

  • Allotments and Community Gardens: 4 km

  • Cemeteries and Other Burial Grounds: 2 km

For ease of measurement and clarity for developers, each of these distance thresholds is measured 'as the crow flies' from the outermost edges of the new housing development, except where there are physical barriers to access, such as main roads, rivers, railway lines etc. then the actual distance will be calculated. The actual distance will depend on the typology. The table below will be used to calculate this.

Open Space Type Suggested Accessibility Provision Standard

Time

Distance

Parks and Gardens

10 mins (drive)

4km

Natural and Semi-natural areas

20 mins (walk)

1.6km

Green Corridors

20 mins (walk)

1.6km

Amenity Greenspace

10 mins (walk)

800m

Provision for Children and Young People

5-10 mins (walk)

400m - 800m

Outdoor Sports Facilities

10 mins (drive)

4km

Allotments and Community Gardens

10 mins (drive)

4km

Cemeteries and Burial Grounds

5 mins drive

2km

Civic Spaces

no standard set due to nature of typology

No Comments 31.3.3. Estimate the existing residential population within the relevant accessibility threshold.

Add this to the estimated population of the new housing development.

This will give a total population figure. These calculations will use the average occupancy figures for existing population and the calculations from A for the new population.

No Comments 31.3.4. Compare the existing amount of open space and the total population within the relevant distance with the following quantity standards:

  • Parks and Gardens: 0.5 hectares per 1000 people

  • Natural and Semi Natural Greenspaces (includes Urban Woodlands): 8.5 hectares per 1000 people rural area, 1.5 hectares per 1000 people urban area

  • Outdoor Sports Facilities: 1.63 hectares per 1000 people1

  • Green Corridors : 1.3ha per 1000 people

  • Amenity Greenspace (includes Green Corridors): 0.9 hectares per 1000 people

  • Provision for Children and Young People: 0.3 hectares per 1000 people

  • Allotments and Community Gardens: 0.35 hectares per 1000 people

  • Cemeteries and Other Burial Grounds: quantity standard not provided by PPG17

1'Fields in Trust' survey 2015 determined that 1.6 to 2.0 ha per 1000 population was an appropriate level of provision based on responses to their survey. HDC has previously used 1.6 ha per 1000 population as a minimum provision and local consultation has determined that respondents still consider this appropriate.

No Comments 31.3.5. Assess whether the developer is required to provide for a new area of open space.

A new area of open space will normally be required if the existing amount of open space is insufficient to cater for the needs of the total population.

For example:

  • The Quantity standard for Amenity Greenspace is 0.9 ha per 1000 people.

  • The estimated population of the new housing development is 50 people and the existing population within the distance threshold (800m) of the development is 600, giving a total population of 650 people.

  • Therefore for a population of 650 the amount of Amenity Greenspace required is (0.9 ha / 1000) x 650 = 0.585 ha.

  • If the existing amount of Amenity Greenspace within 800m of the development is say 0.4 hectares. Then 0.4 ha of existing Amenity Greenspace is a lower level of provision than 0.585 ha of required Amenity Greenspace within the catchment area. The developer will therefore be required to provide a new area of Amenity Greenspace, to meet the needs of the people who will be living in the new housing development as a minimum.

Note: If a play area is required for a development, the developer will be expected to provide a fully equipped LAP, LEAP or NEAP, depending on size required, to industry standards EN1176/EN1177. The minimum size for a LEAP is 400m2.

No Comments 31.3.6. If a new area of open space is required, calculate how large that area should be.

Using the same example above:

  • (0.9 /1000 ha) x the estimated population of the new housing development (50) = 0.045 ha.

  • The developer will therefore be required to provide 0.045 hectares of new Amenity Greenspace.

This assessment will be carried out individually for each of the seven types of open space. For each of the seven types, a requirement to provide a new area of open space will normally only be waived if it is found that the relevant quantity standard is met or exceeded in 31.3.5. Chapter 32 gives further details about where the new open space should be provided.

No Comments 31.4. STAGE 2: DOES THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CREATE A NEED TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF EXISTING OPEN SPACE IN THE LOCAL AREA?

31.4.1. When assessed against the relevant quantity standards, there maybe a sufficient amount of the type of open space in the local area to meet the needs of the total population. For these types of open space, the Council may instead expect a developer contribution to enhance the quality of existing open space in the area.

31.4.2. The Council will identify all areas of open space within the relevant distance thresholds of the new housing development that do not meet the 'quality standard'. The Council has set a 'quality vision' for each of the seven types of open space.

31.4.3. The following general quality vision was developed:

'A clean, litter free and dog fouling free area that has appropriate facilities, amenities, habitat and biodiversity that are maintained appropriately,accessible and in a usable condition'

31.4.4. The further detailed quality vision for each typology of open space can be found at Appendix 1. It should be noted that developers will only be asked to contribute towards quality improvements of open space where the site is demonstrated to be below the quality threshold and the quality issue is detrimental to the continued public use of the site. The developer will not be asked to contribute towards items that are considered maintenance items.

31.4.5. For example, If a play area has reached the end of its useful life then a developer may be asked to contribute towards its replacement. If the play area is unusable because it has suffered vandalism, this would not trigger a contribution because it is a maintenance item.

31.4.6. The Council's intention is that all of the District's public open spaces should achieve a good quality rating when assessed against the appropriate quality threshold in the Local Environmental Quality Survey of England (LEQSE) criteria, and the Council Local Grounds Monitoring tool which will determine local quality issues. A developer contribution to enhance existing open space will be required when there is an area of open space within the relevant distance of the proposed development that does not meet at least this quality standard.

31.4.7. There may be more than one area of open space within the relevant distance threshold that does not meet the quality standard. In such cases, the developer contribution will automatically be allocated to enhance the quality of the open space that is closest to the development site.

31.4.8. If all open spaces within the relevant distance threshold meet the quality standard, then the developer contribution for that type of open space will be waived.

31.5. As a result of this two-stage process, the final developer contribution may have a number of components. For example, the developer may be required to:

  • Provide Amenity Greenspace and Provision for Children and Young People on-site;

  • Make a financial contribution towards providing Outdoor Sports Facilities and Allotments, and Community Gardens off-site; and

  • Make a financial contribution towards enhancing Natural and Semi-Natural Greenspaces and Cemeteries and Other Burial Grounds off-site; and

  • Make no contribution towards Parks and Gardens.

Previous Chapter || Next Chapter
Having trouble using the system? Visit our help page or contact us directly.

Powered by OpusConsult